Authors: Osman Wumpini Shamrock, Henry Delali Dakpui, George Rudolph Kofi Agbemedu, Donte T Boyd, Kharul Islam, Ibrahim Wunpini Mashoud, Edem Yaw Zigah, Michael Nti Ababio, Nukunu Charles, Chris Guure, LaRon E. Nelson, Gamji Rabiu Abu-Ba’are  

Publication date: 202/04/19

Journal: Family & Health

Description:Trans women’s choices to change their physical appearances, such as through hormone use, or to transition socially by changing names and pronouns, are influenced by a multitude of factors. These include gender dysphoria (a discordance between one’s gender identity and assigned sex)(1–3), personal empowerment, the desire for social integration, and the reduction of stigma to mitigate adverse reactions from others (1–4). However, these decisions often come with the risk of discrimination (4–8). As trans women navigate aligning various facets of their lives with their identities, they face an additional challenge, such as the stigma associated with disclosing their gender identity or expression (9–12). Such stigma can manifest in feelings of devaluation, anticipation of external hostility, and the internalization of negative beliefs regarding one’s self and their gender identity 

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